Browsing articles tagged with " Oligocene"

Bristol University: Oligocene discussion day

Jun 3, 2013   //   by   //   Blog  //  Comments Off on Bristol University: Oligocene discussion day

On the 16th of May, the University of Bristol held a half-day meeting devoted to the discussion of the Oligocene epoch (34 to 23 million years ago). The Oligocene is a period of relative climate stability following the establishment of permanent ice sheets on Antarctica (34 million years ago). However, it has received little attention from the Cenozoic palaeoclimate community. The aim of this event was to promote awareness of the Oligocene and encourage future research within this field.

Ellen Thomas, currently in Bristol on sabbatical from Yale, and David Armstrong-McKay, from the National Oceanography Centre (NOC), began the morning session with a series of talks devoted to the late Eocene and early Oligocene. Ellen discussed the Eocene-Oligocene transition (34Ma) from both a modern1 and historical2 perspective while David outlined the competing hypothesis put forward to explain the event3.   Dierderik Liebrand, also from the NOC, followed this with a talk on late Oligocene and early Miocene (24-19Ma) cyclostratigraphy4.  Following lunch, Bridget Wade gave an hour-long seminar on the Eocene-Oligocene boundary (34Ma)5 and the middle Oligocene (24-30Ma)6. Bridget’s talk  doubled as a departmental seminar in the School of Geography.

Figure 1: A compilation of benthic foraminifera oxygen isotope values. During the Oligocene, this reflects a combination of ice volume and temperature7

The event was hosted by Gordon Inglis, a PhD student in the School of Chemistry, and was funded by Professor Rich Pancost (Global Change) and Professor Paul Valdes (School of Geography).

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For more information, please consult the following references:

  1. Liu, Z. et al (2009) Global cooling during the Eocene-Oligocene transition: Science, v. 323, p. 1187-1190
  2. Kennett and Shackleton (1976) Oxygen isotopic evidence for the development of the psychrosphere 38 Myr ago: Nature, v. 260, p. 513-515
  3. Merico, A, et al. (2008) Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidifiation linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea level fall: Nature, v. 452, p. 979-982
  4. Liebrand, D., et al. (2011) Antarctic ice sheets and oceanographic response to eccentricity forcing during the early Miocene: Climate of the Past, v. 7, p. 869-880
  5. Wade, B., et al (2011) Multiproxy record of abrupt sea-surface cooling across the Eocene-Oligocene transition in the Gulf of Mexico: Geology, v. 40, p. 159-162
  6. Wade, B. And Palike, H., (2004) Oligocene climate dynamics: Palaeoceanography, v. 19, PA4019
  7. Zachos, et al. (2008) An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics: Nature, v. 451, p. 279-283

Bristol University: Oligocene discussion day

May 7, 2013   //   by Athena   //   Blog, Earth System  //  Comments Off on Bristol University: Oligocene discussion day
 For many years the Oligocene has received little attention from the Cenozoic palaeoclimate community. This event hopes to promote awareness of the Oligocene (34-23 million years ago)and encourage future research within this field.
On the 16th of May, Bristol University will be hosting a full day event dedicated to the discussion of the Oligocene

Programme

10.30 -10.45: Welcome

10.45 -11.15: Ellen Thomas (Yale/Bristol)

11.15 -11.45: Diederik Liebrand (NOC)

11.45 -12.00: Gordon Inglis (Bristol)

12.00-13.00: Lunch

13.00-14.00: Bridget Wade (Leeds) Oligocene

14.00-15.00: Discussion for Phds and PDRAs

15.00-16.00: Optional seminar in Earth Science by Kirsty Edgar concerning the middle Eocene (G25)

16.00 – onwards: Drinks/dinner

All events, except for Bridget’s departmental seminar, will be held in Seminar Room 2, Geographical Sciences.

Bridget’s talk will be held in the Peel lecture theatre in Geographical Sciences.

For more information, contact Gordon Inglis (gordon.inglis@bristol.ac.uk) or check the event page
 This event is only open to University of Bristol staff and students.